Adrafinil is an awakeness enhancer that was originally designed as a prescription medicine for narcoleptics. It became replaced by modafinil. Both adrafinil and modafinil are excellent for alertness and vigilance, but also have several side benefits. Adrafinil, by the way, metabolizes into modafinil through liver-pass metabolism. Modafinil was developed by French manufacturers of pharmaceuticals Cephalon. When it was found> View article
Category Archives: Research
CDP-Choline, aka Citicoline
Citicoline, officially named Cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-Choline) or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine occurs naturally in the brain and is available OTC in over 70 countries under names such as Ceraxon, Cognizin, NeurAxon, Somazina, and Synapsine. Citicoline is a popular “choline” supplement for use in racetam stacks.
Basics of Citicoline
Among choline sources, Citicoline is unique, for> View article
You don’t have to be a brain surgeon to effectively begin supplementing with nootropics, but understanding at least the bare bones of a few related fields is actually vital in order to most efficiently put them to work for you. I recall first dipping my toe into the nootropics scene nearly a decade and a half ago around 2002 when> View article
The nootropic class of compounds were discovered serendipitously and after their initial discovery, some use of the compounds like phenibut, picamilon and piracetam by Soviet Cosmonauts were primarily used as pharmaceuticals for people suffering from cognitive debilitation. From cosmonaut performance enhancers to prescription medications for Alzheimer’s, dementia and more, nootropics eventually gained popularity amongst healthy individuals seeking a> View article
Phenibut (beta-phenyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a neuropsychotropic discovered through Soviet research and introduced into general clinical practice in Russia in the 1960’s. Not unlike picamilon, it was initially designed with Soviet cosmonauts in mind. As such, it needed to be anxiolytic (anxiety relieving) while at the same time acting as a focusing agent.
The story of Phenibut’s development begins in 1963, in St.Petersburg,> View article
If you’re already using or considering using nootropic supplements, then chances are you’re already fairly educated about supplement use and cognitive enhancement. However, one important thing to remember is that if you’re using substances to increase intelligence, the best way to do so is to utilize each of these compounds to suit your own chemistry.
It will be vital to ensure> View article
Nootropics are used by a wide variety of people, and there are multiple purposes for each of these supplements. For example, some people use Piracetam because they say it helps them concentrate, but others turn to this nootropic due to the fact that it helps them experience a mood boost. Many researchers have also looked into the possibility that> View article
Disclaimer: Nootropics are not antidepressants. This article only covers the research that has been provided. Nootropics are not to replace your current antidepressants unless advised by a registered doctor.
Nootropics are well-known to offer cognitive improvements such as enhanced memory retention, but numerous scientific studies have shown the possibility that many of these supplements may reduce depression and anxiety. In fact,> View article
You may or may not have heard of orexin but it is an interesting neurotransmitter that should be paid attention to by nootropic enthusiasts. Unlike other neurotransmitters, orexin was only discovered less than 20 years ago. It has had much less study and is becoming the area of vigorous research by multi-billion dollar companies across the world.> View article
Do nootropics really work? If they did why isn’t everyone using them? These are real questions that people ask and there are answers to be backed up by real research. This article is meant to go over a list of nootropic studies that have been performed on humans that show real evidence that nootropics work to improve cognitive performance in many including> View article