Category Archives: Research

Did you know that one of the most neurotoxic and potentially lethal chemicals are released as a result of stress? The hormone cortisol is related to chronic stress and can have a very negative affect on your physiological, emotional and cognitive functioning. Stress affects all your major systems and can even alter thyroid and adrenal gland activities which can lead

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If you’re interested in trying nootropics, you might have been told to start with the racetam family. In this article we will be doing a compare and contrast of some of the most popular and well-known racetams. The oldest and most tested, tried and true of all nootropics are the racetam family. Racetams are distinguished by their pyrolllidine backbone or

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Adrafinil is an awakeness enhancer that was originally designed as a prescription medicine for narcoleptics. It became replaced by modafinil. Both adrafinil and modafinil are excellent for alertness and vigilance, but also have several side benefits. Adrafinil, by the way, metabolizes into modafinil through liver-pass metabolism. Modafinil was developed by French manufacturers of pharmaceuticals Cephalon. When it was found

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CDP-Choline, aka Citicoline

Citicoline, officially named Cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-Choline) or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine occurs naturally in the brain and is available OTC in over 70 countries under names such as Ceraxon, Cognizin, NeurAxon, Somazina, and Synapsine. Citicoline is a popular “choline” supplement for use in racetam stacks.

Basics of Citicoline

Among choline sources, Citicoline is unique, for

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You don’t have to be a brain surgeon to effectively begin supplementing with nootropics, but understanding at least the bare bones of a few related fields is actually vital in order to most efficiently put them to work for you. I recall first dipping my toe into the nootropics scene nearly a decade and a half ago around 2002 when

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The nootropic class of compounds were discovered serendipitously and after their initial discovery, some use of the compounds like phenibut, picamilon and piracetam by Soviet Cosmonauts were primarily used as pharmaceuticals for people suffering from cognitive debilitation. From cosmonaut performance enhancers to prescription medications for Alzheimer’s, dementia and more, nootropics eventually gained popularity amongst healthy individuals seeking a

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Phenibut (beta-phenyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a neuropsychotropic discovered through Soviet research and  introduced into general clinical practice in Russia in the 1960’s. Not unlike picamilon, it was initially designed with Soviet cosmonauts in mind. As such, it needed to be anxiolytic (anxiety relieving) while at the same time acting as a focusing agent.

The story of Phenibut’s development begins in 1963, in St.Petersburg,

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If you’re already using or considering using nootropic supplements, then chances are you’re already fairly educated about supplement use and cognitive enhancement. However, one important thing to remember is that if you’re using substances to increase intelligence, the best way to do so is to utilize each of these compounds to suit your own chemistry.

It will be vital to ensure

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Nootropics are used by a wide variety of people, and there are multiple purposes for each of these supplements. For example, some people use Piracetam because they say it helps them concentrate, but others turn to this nootropic due to the fact that it helps them experience a mood boost. Many researchers have also looked into the possibility that

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Disclaimer: Nootropics are not antidepressants. This article only covers the research that has been provided. Nootropics are not to replace your current antidepressants unless advised by a registered doctor.

Nootropics are well-known to offer cognitive improvements such as enhanced memory retention, but numerous scientific studies have shown the possibility that many of these supplements may reduce depression and anxiety. In fact,

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