Category Archives: Research

CDP-Choline, aka Citicoline

Citicoline, officially named Cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-Choline) or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine occurs naturally in the brain and is available OTC in over 70 countries under names such as Ceraxon, Cognizin, NeurAxon, Somazina, and Synapsine. Citicoline is a popular “choline” supplement for use in racetam stacks.

Basics of Citicoline

Among choline sources, Citicoline is unique, for

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You don’t have to be a brain surgeon to effectively begin supplementing with nootropics, but understanding at least the bare bones of a few related fields is actually vital in order to most efficiently put them to work for you. I recall first dipping my toe into the nootropics scene nearly a decade and a half ago around 2002 when

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The nootropic class of compounds were discovered serendipitously and after their initial discovery, some use of the compounds like phenibut, picamilon and piracetam by Soviet Cosmonauts were primarily used as pharmaceuticals for people suffering from cognitive debilitation. From cosmonaut performance enhancers to prescription medications for Alzheimer’s, dementia and more, nootropics eventually gained popularity amongst healthy individuals seeking a

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Phenibut (beta-phenyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a neuropsychotropic discovered through Soviet research and  introduced into general clinical practice in Russia in the 1960’s. Not unlike picamilon, it was initially designed with Soviet cosmonauts in mind. As such, it needed to be anxiolytic (anxiety relieving) while at the same time acting as a focusing agent.

The story of Phenibut’s development begins in 1963, in St.Petersburg,

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If you’re already using or considering using nootropic supplements, then chances are you’re already fairly educated about supplement use and cognitive enhancement. However, one important thing to remember is that if you’re using substances to increase intelligence, the best way to do so is to utilize each of these compounds to suit your own chemistry.

It will be vital to ensure

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Nootropics are used by a wide variety of people, and there are multiple purposes for each of these supplements. For example, some people use Piracetam because they say it helps them concentrate, but others turn to this nootropic due to the fact that it helps them experience a mood boost. Many researchers have also looked into the possibility that

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Disclaimer: Nootropics are not antidepressants. This article only covers the research that has been provided. Nootropics are not to replace your current antidepressants unless advised by a registered doctor.

Nootropics are well-known to offer cognitive improvements such as enhanced memory retention, but numerous scientific studies have shown the possibility that many of these supplements may reduce depression and anxiety. In fact,

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You may or may not have heard of orexin but it is an interesting neurotransmitter that should be paid attention to by nootropic enthusiasts. Unlike other neurotransmitters, orexin was only discovered less than 20 years ago. It has had much less study and is becoming the area of vigorous research by multi-billion dollar companies across the world.

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Do nootropics really work? If they did why isn’t everyone using them? These are real questions that people ask and there are answers to be backed up by real research. This article is meant to go over a list of nootropic studies that have been performed on humans that show real evidence that nootropics work to improve cognitive performance in many including

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Can certain nootropics help to reduce or even reverse the effects of brain damage or traumatic injury? Obviously, we cannot make a medical statement but we can present the facts and this article is meant to clear up some of these common questions people have about nootropics and brain damage.

Understanding Type & Severity of Brain Damage

Not all brain damage is

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