Category Archives: Research

Adrafinil is an awakeness enhancer that was originally designed as a prescription medicine for narcoleptics. It became replaced by modafinil. Both adrafinil and modafinil are excellent for alertness and vigilance, but also have several side benefits. Adrafinil functions through metabolization into modafinil through liver-pass metabolism. Modafinil was developed by French manufacturers of pharmaceuticals Cephalon. When it was found modafinil

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Sulbutiamine is a synthetic version of thiamine (B-1 Vitamin). Also known as Arcalion, Enerion, Bisibuthiamine, and Youvitan.  Sulbutiamine was initially developed in Japan as a super-charged B-1 vitamin to offset the effects of chronic thiamine deficiency which is more common in Japan than in the West.

The B Vitamins are vital to a healthy nervous system and lack of thiamine (B-1

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So, you’re exercising regularly, maintaining proper nutrition through healthy eating, maybe even a pre-workout or other supplement formula in the mix, but you’re still just not seeing the gains you’re looking for. There’s a possibility that the secret could lie in the Adrenal System. It’s possible that stress and other factors could be blocking your progress.

Stress kills, they say, but

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Phenylpiracetam is a Russian nootropic developed in the early 1980’s. In Russia it is known as Carphedon or Phenotropil and is administered as a prescription drug. Initially it was designed to be a nootropic that would also improve physical stamina. Phenylpiracetam is structurally identical to. Piracetam save for a phenyl group added by adding a phenyl group to the

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Mucuna pruriens is the Velvet bean. Also known as cowage or cow-itch due to the fact that it’s spines can cause irritation to a cows mouth. Due to the high amount of serotonin and dopamine precursors, the cows generally just keep on chewing. Velvet bean has some studies backing it up as an effective adjunct against Parkinson’s disease and for

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Did you know that one of the most neurotoxic and potentially lethal chemicals are released as a result of stress? The hormone cortisol is related to chronic stress and can have a very negative affect on your physiological, emotional and cognitive functioning. Stress affects all your major systems and can even alter thyroid and adrenal gland activities which can lead

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If you’re interested in trying nootropics, you might have been told to start with the racetam family. In this article we will be doing a compare and contrast of some of the most popular and well-known racetams. The oldest and most tested, tried and true of all nootropics are the racetam family. Racetams are distinguished by their pyrolllidine backbone or

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CDP-Choline, aka Citicoline

Citicoline, officially named Cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-Choline) or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine occurs naturally in the brain and is available OTC in over 70 countries under names such as Ceraxon, Cognizin, NeurAxon, Somazina, and Synapsine. Citicoline is a popular “choline” supplement for use in racetam stacks.

Basics of Citicoline

Among choline sources, Citicoline is unique, for

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You don’t have to be a brain surgeon to effectively begin supplementing with nootropics, but understanding at least the bare bones of a few related fields is actually vital in order to most efficiently put them to work for you. I recall first dipping my toe into the nootropics scene nearly a decade and a half ago around 2002 when

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The nootropic class of compounds were discovered serendipitously and after their initial discovery, some use of the compounds like phenibut, picamilon and piracetam by Soviet Cosmonauts were primarily used as pharmaceuticals for people suffering from cognitive debilitation. From cosmonaut performance enhancers to prescription medications for Alzheimer’s, dementia and more, nootropics eventually gained popularity amongst healthy individuals seeking a

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